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The Evolutions of Aging in Place (Canada)

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The desire to "age-in-place" has been a key contributing factor to the growth of home and senior care industry, as Canada's Baby Boomer generation nears the 65+ age range.

According to Statistics Canada, health care and social assistance was the largest contributor to payroll employment growth, rising 39,600 (+2.1 percent) in 2017. This brought the total number of employees in this sector to 1.9 million, the second-largest sector by employment.

At the national level, increases in health care and social assistance were spread across several industries, led by general medical and surgical hospitals, individual and family services, as well as community care facilities for the elderly. Employment in community care facilities for the elderly has more than doubled since 2006, reflecting the needs of an aging population.

The term home care actually describes two types of care:

Home health care provided by licensed medical professionals covers the following types of services that require a prescription such as:

  • Post-op Rehabilitation
  • Skilled Assessments and Teaching
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Speech Therapy
  • Mobility Training
  • IV therapy/Injections

Other basic types of in-home care cover a wide range of services that can help keep older adults at home. Those often evolve around the Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs).

ADLs are basic activities and functions performed on a daily basis. The six ADLs are:

  • Eating
  • Dressing
  • Bathing
  • Toileting
  • Transferring
  • Continence

IADLs, on the other hand, are those activities instrumental to our daily routines such as:

  • Driving
  • Preparing meals
  • Doing housework
  • Shopping
  • Managing finances
  • Managing medication
  • Using the telephone

Support for ADLs and IADLs have helped expand the scope of care at home to keep seniors aging in place longer than ever.

The Home Instead® network partners with clients and their family members through a network of trained CAREGivers℠ to help meet varied individual needs. Services span the care continuum – from providing personal care to specialized Alzheimer's care and hospice support. Also available are family caregiver education and support resources.

To find a locally owned and operated Home Instead office near you, go to And for more about careers in the aging field, visit

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Last revised: February 26, 2019

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